Activity 8: Survival in a 'new' land
Focus question: what was life like for the people of the First Fleet in the new settlement?
- Have students explore the interactive image of William Bradley's journal, A Voyage To New South Wales. Ask:
Why did Bradley keep this journal?
What might we learn from it?
How might our understanding of these events be limited if we examined only this source?
- Using The arrival according to Bradley (PDF, 149 KB) students explore one account of the arrival of the First Fleet.
- Have students examine Timeline of rations for the new settlement, 1788-1790.
Why might these records have been kept?
What does this source reveal about life for the new settlers?
- Have students examine the image View in Port Jackson, depicting Eora people fishing from boats. Contrast the food shortages in the First Fleet settlement with the lives of Eora, who had been thriving in this land for a very long time. Ask: What could these first settlers have learned from the local Eora people?
- Using Talking about historical documents (PDF, 174 KB), students examine the following primary sources from the new settlement:
Documents from the first settlement 1 (PDF, 119 KB)
Documents from the first settlement 2 (PDF, 91 KB)
Documents from the first settlement 3 (PDF, 116 KB)
If student groups experience difficulty with the language, model an approach to deconstruction for the class.
- Can students recognise and describe a different perspective on an event or circumstance?
- Can students suggest possible consequences of actions and events?
- Can students generate possible solutions to problems experienced in the First Fleet settlement?