Activity 7: Why and how did Australia become a nation?

Identify the Activity 7 tasks on the MI/B grid student tasks (PDF, 102 KB) and MI/B grid teacher planner (PDF, 107 KB)

  • Choose a state and outline the arguments that were used in that state for or against federation. Support your arguments with evidence from historical sources.

As an example, the image below shows a pro-Federation poster from Western Australia. It was produced ahead of a referendum in the colony of Western Australia on 31 July 1900. Giving voter registration information, it urges West Australians to agree to form a Federation with the other Australian colonies. A map of Australia highlights how WA is the only colony yet to agree. It suggests that there will be economic benefits from completing the union, and possible negative economic consequences in not doing so. The map also shows a proposed railway between WA and South Australia.

A map Australia shows all other state joined except Western Australia. West Australians are urged to vote 'yes' to complete the union. WA advertisement in favour of Federation, 1900
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Summative assessment

  • Class activity: Teacher directed SWOT analysis (Evaluating task from MI/Blooms Grid). On a large sheet of paper or the classroom whiteboard, students use 'post-it' notes to contribute to a SWOT (Strengths/Weaknesses/Opportunities/Threats) analysis of why and how Australia became a nation. See the SWOT analysis (PDF, 88 KB) template.
  • Individual activity: Mind map
    Mind map all the things learned about how and why Australia became a nation. Useful tools include:
    Main ideas (PDF, 100 KB)
    Mind mapping: visualising historical thought
  • Also, refer to individual student tasks and class tasks on display such as the T chart and the Timeline started in Activity 1.